Design process started from developing functional scheme of factory including technological process and manufacturing stages. On-site visit in the one of the biggest furniture factory in Cracow showed complexity of the manufacturing processes and spatial arrangement. The challenge here is to link different but associated facilities: office, the representative space and the production hall. Main design ambition is to combine production hall and office facility within one consistent space. At the same time maintaining the optimum operating conditions for both parts.

Main characteristic of the production hall is linear flow production type. Flow methods mean that as work on a task at a particular stage is complete, it must be passed directly to the next stage for processing without waiting for the remaining tasks in the batch. When it arrives at the next stage, work must start immediately on the next process. In order for the flow to be smooth, the times that each task requires on each stage must be of equal length and there should be no movement off the flow production line. In this example of furniture fabrication is composed of two flows: Incoming intermediate products flow and outcomming products flow. 

Initial Sketches



Fluid Flow

Initial zoning.png

A streamline is a path traced out by a massless particle as it moves with the flow. It is easiest to visualize a streamline if it move along with the body (as opposed to moving with the flow).

When fluid is flowing past a solid boundary, e.g. the surface of an aerofoil or the wall of a pipe, fluid obviously does not flow into or out of the surface. So very close to a boundary wall the flow direction must be parallel to the boundary. At all points the direction of the streamline is the direction of the fluid velocity: this is how they are defined. Close to the wall the velocity is parallel to the wall so the streamline is also parallel to the wall.

Fluid flow is introduced inside building boudry. Oval bodies were placed as a resistance to fluid flow. Solid bodies are placed in accordance to specifitc building functions. This workflow cause streamlines friction. Cartesian grid were deformed accordingly to the streamlines distortion.

Program Distribution

Structural Component

Structure gird distorded accoring to the vector of streamlines. The Structure grid is strethed where solid bodies were places. This provides an visual distinguishment for the end form.

Substructure Performance  -Analysis

Substructure Performance  -Analysis


Ground Floor - display area

First Floor - administrative area

Ground Floor - Overview

First Floor - overview